Naftali Bennett has become the first Israeli leader to visit the United Arab Emirates, as he attempts to deepen ties at a time of rising tensions over Iran.
Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed, the UAE's de facto leader, held talks with Mr Bennett a year after their countries normalised relations.
Israel's prime minister said he wanted to boost economic and commercial ties.
He was also expected to urge the UAE to take a tougher stance in response to Iran's expanding nuclear programme.
The UAE shares Israel's concerns about the potential threat from a nuclear-armed Iran, but it is also trying to establish better relations with Tehran.